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Unidad 12.3

The Long and Short of It

6 Semanas

In this unit, the student explores and analyzes fictional elements in short stories—characters, setting, and plot—and analyzes the difference between these stories and other narrative forms to better understand points of view, meanings, and themes. The student uses context clues to determine the meaning of new words and writes an original fictional short story demonstrating learned elements, accurate grammar, and sophisticated vocabulary.

  • Preguntas Esenciales (PE) y Comprensión Duradera (CD)
  • Objetivos de Transferencia (T) y Adquisición (A)
  • Los Estándares de Puerto Rico (PRCS)
PE1 How do our experiences-- our background, history, and culture etc. inform our point of view and creative writing (expression)?
CD1 The insight we gain about ourselves and our world from our background and experiences helps us better understand our surroundings, our influences and what we read and write about.
PE2 In what ways are well-developed characters and settings essential to a novel or story?
CD2 Well-developed characters and setting add interest and substance to creative writing and help us better understand and relate to what we read.
PE3 How does our reading and creative writing have an impact on who we are and how does it influence others?
CD3 The connections we make to texts and the way we express ourselves, influences who we are, affects our understanding and impacts others.
PE4 How are short stories different from other narrative forms and when and why are they a preferable form of written expression?
CD4 Short stories have a distinct structure and purpose and play a specific role in fictional narrative literature.

T1. The student will leave the class able to use his/her knowledge of the literary elements of a short story and how it differs from a novel and other narrative forms, to better understand what they read and how to produce a rich style of creative writing. Each student will write an original short to produce a creative writing piece with rich vocabulary, excellent grammar and intriguing story elements with deep character development.

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A1. Follow turn-taking, asking/answering relevant questions and paraphrasing while affirming others, adding and relating information to prior knowledge, experience, texts, or real-world situations.
A2. Critically analyze closed and open-ended questions and answer with increasing knowledge.
A3. Analyze the impact of an author’s choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama including symbolism, motifs, setting, plot, and characterization.
A4. Write narratives (short stories, memoirs, and journals) to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective literary devices (techniques and elements), well-chosen details, and structured sequences.

12.L.1b Follow turn-taking, asking/answering relevant questions and paraphrasing while affirming others, adding and relating information to prior knowledge, experience, texts, or real-world situations.
12.L.1d Listen and respond to synthesize, explain, describe, support, and discuss information; answer and formulate closed and open-ended questions; listen to, classify, and prioritize information.
12.S.2b Synthesize, analyze, and debate information, justifying answers with details from texts and experiences.
12.S.2c Critically analyze closed and open-ended questions and answer with increasing knowledge.
12.S.4 Negotiate and persuade others during discussions and conversations using acquired vocabulary and open responses to express and defend points of view.
12.R.3I Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop over the course of the text.
12.R.3L Analyze the impact of an author’s choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama including symbolism, motifs, setting, plot, and characterization.
12.R.4L Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)
12.R.5L Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.
12.W.3 Write narratives (short stories, memoirs, and journals) using transitional words and other cohesive devices to better organize writing to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective literary devices (techniques and elements), well-chosen details, and structured sequences.
12.W.7 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
12.LA.3b Apply knowledge of verb tenses (simple present, present progressive, simple past, past progressive, future, future progressive, present perfect; including irregular verbs).+
12.LA.3c Apply knowledge of active/passive voice.+
12.LA.3e

Apply knowledge of sequence of verb tenses (compound/complex sentences).+

12.LA.3g

Apply knowledge of subject-verb agreement (compound subjects, indefinite pronouns, collective nouns, inverted word order).+

12.LA.3i Apply knowledge of adjectives and adverbs (comparative and superlative).+
12.LA.3k

Apply knowledge of connecting words and expressions (coordinating and subordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs, transitional expressions, relative pronouns, correlative conjunctions).+

12.LA.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on appropriately complex reading and content, choosing flexibly from a variety of strategies.